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《光明日报》采访游旭群校长: 面对疫情 也需心理防“疫”
作者: [] 文章来源:大发体育app_大发体育下载

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MEITILIANJIE:

《GUANGMINGRIBAO》:

XUEXIQIANGGUO:

原来名称也丢了

全文如下:

面对疫情 也需心理防“疫”

——对话陕西师范大学校长、中国心理学会原理事长游旭群教授

ZUOZHE: BENBAOJIZHE JINXIAOYAN CHAIRUJIN《GUANGMINGRIBAO》(2020NIAN02YUE06RI09BAN)

MIANDUIYIQING,BUJINXUYAOYIXUEFANGKONG,YEXUXINLIFANG“YI”。

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记者: 当意外来临,焦虑、恐慌是人们最主要的情绪问题。疫情对一个人产生的心理影响到底有哪些?大发体育app如何评价自己的心理健康指数?

游旭群: 总体来看,作为一种压力事件,疫情给大发体育app造成的心理影响主要表现在认知、情绪与行为三个方面。比如大家这两天会特别关心疫情相关信息,信息不够明确时会产生认知冲突、无所适从、注意力难以集中等,都属于认知上的变化;同时,情绪上容易紧张、恐惧、担忧、责备,甚至是抑郁和愤怒;从行为方面来看,大家的生活节奏也会出现很大变化,出行受限、社交减少等。应当注意的是,这几个方面是相互联系、相互影响的,比如恐惧会加剧大发体育app对疫情的非理性认知,生活节奏的变化又会加剧情绪的紧张感等。

大发体育appSHOUYIQINGYINGXIANGCHENGDUBUTONGDEQUNTI,BIRUZHONGZHENGHUANZHEHEPUTONGMINZHONG,TAMENZAIXINLIFANYINGSHANGBIRANCUNZAICHAYI。DUIYUZHONGDUYINGJIFANYING,DAFATIYUappKEYIJIEZHUZHUANYEDEXINLICEPINGSHOUDUANHEZHENDUANJISHUJINXINGPINGGUHEZHILIAO。DUIPUTONGRENQUNLAIJIANG,YINGJIFANYINGBIJIAOWEIRUO,BINGWEIDADAOLINCHUANGBIAOZHUN,ZAIZIDAFATIYUappXINLIJIANKANGPINGGUSHI,KEYIYIJUXIAMIANJIGEJIBENYUANZE: YISHISHENGLIHUODONGZHENGCHANG,GUANZHUZIJISHUIMIAN、YINSHISHIFOUGUILV、MIANYILISHIFOUXIAJIANGDENG;ERSHIQINGXUFANYINGSHIDU,SHIFOUCUNZAIGUODUJIAOLV、CHIXUYIYU、YIJIREDENGXIANXIANG;SANSHISHEHUIGONGNENGLIANGHAO,SHIFOUCUNZAIZIDAFATIYUappFENGBI、HUIBISHEJIAO、XINGQUJIANTUIDENGXIANXIANG。TONGCHANGLAIJIANG,ZHIYAOZHEIJIGEFANGMIANMEIYOUMINGXIANDEBIANHUA,JIUWUXUGUODUGUANZHUHEJINZHANG。

记者: 最急需心理援助的是哪部分人群?又该如何获得心理支持?普通人可以不必太在意吗?

游旭群: 大发体育app认为,目前最需要心理援助的有两个群体: 一是确诊感染的重症患者及其亲人,二是在救治一线奋战的医护人员。这两个群体面临的压力最大,最需要相应的心理支持。

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(BENBAOJIZHE JINXIAOYAN CHAIRUJIN)

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